July 1 – Russian voters back a constitutional amendment that, among other things, enables Vladimir Putin to seek two further six-year terms when his current term ends in 2024, potentially allowing him to remain in power until 2036.
July 2 – A landslide takes place at a jade mining site in Hpakant, Kachin state, Myanmar, killing at least 174 people.
July 3 – COVID-19 pandemic: The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 passes 11 million worldwide.
Protests begin throughout Bulgaria with the goal of removing Borisov's cabinet and Chief Prosecutor Ivan Geshev from office.
COVID-19 pandemic: Thousands of people rally outside the House of the National Assembly of Serbia in Belgrade in response to stricter lockdown measures proposed by President Aleksandar Vučić following an increase of cases in the city.
COVID-19 pandemic: The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 passes 12 million worldwide.
At least 180 bodies are found in mass graves in Djibo, Burkina Faso, where soldiers are fighting jihadists. It is suspected that government forces were involved in mass extrajudicial executions.
The ECB accepts Bulgaria and Croatia into ERM II, a mandatory stage for countries wishing to adopt the euro. This is the currency union's first major expansion in half a decade.
Turkey's President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan orders the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul to be reverted to a mosque following a supreme court annulment of a 1934 presidential decree that made it into a museum.
July 12 – China reports 141 dead or missing in floods since June; 28,000 homes have been damaged.
July 15 – The Twitter accounts of prominent political figures, CEOs, and celebrities are hacked to promote a bitcoin scam.
July 18 – COVID-19 pandemic: The worldwide death toll from COVID-19 exceeds 600,000.
July 19 – Flooding of the Brahmaputra River kills 189 and leaves 4 million homeless in India and Nepal.
July 21 – COVID-19 pandemic: European leaders agree to create a €750 billion (US$858 billion) recovery fund to rebuild EU economies impacted by the pandemic.
July 22 – COVID-19 pandemic: The number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 passes 15 million worldwide.
July 25 – COVID-19 pandemic: North Korean leader Kim Jong-un convenes an emergency meeting, declares a state of emergency, and orders the lockdown of Kaesong after a person suspected of having COVID-19 returned from South Korea. If confirmed, it would be the first case to be officially acknowledged by North Korea.
28 July – Ex-Prime Minister of Malaysia, Najib Razak is found guilty of all seven charges in the first of five trials on the 1MDB scandal, being jailed 12 years and fined RM210 million as a result.
July 30 – NASA successfully launches its Mars 2020 rover mission to search for signs of ancient life and collect samples for return to Earth. The mission includes technology demonstrations to prepare for future human missions.
8 Policemen of the Uttar Pradesh police are martyred in an encounter with the gang of the wanted criminal Vikas Dubey in Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh state.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi makes a visit to Nimu Post near the Indo-China border in Ladakh along with Army Chief Manoj Mukund Naravane and CDS Bipin Rawat amid ongoing India-China border tensions.
July 5 – CRPF convoy is attacked by terrorist which results in martyr of 1 CRPF soldier in Pulwama, Jammu and Kashmir.
July 5 – Earthquake of magnitude 4.7 on richter scale hits Kargill in Ladakh.
July 10 – Wanted Criminal Vikas Dubey encountered.
July 17 – Number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 reach 1 million.
July 21 – ongoing – Floods in Brahmaputra River in the state of Assam.
July 29 – National Education Policy 2020 (NEP 2020), a new policy on education in India approved by the Union Cabinet.
July 29 – 2020 Punjab alcohol poisoning. At least 121 people died after drinking toxic, illegally-made alcohol in Punjab.